Basics of Data Storage

Bit The bit (short for binary digit) is the basic unit of information in computing and telecommunications. It represents either 1 or 0 (i.e., ON or OFF, TRUE or FALSE). The standard symbol for bit is either simply bit or the lower case character b. Byte A byte (most commonly) equals eight bits. Historically, one byte was used to represent (encode) one character of text in a computer. The upper case letter B is the standard symbol for byte. Kilobyte The International System of Units (SI) defines the prefix kilo as 1000. Therefore, 1 kilobyte equals 1000 bytes (1000 B)....

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